Periodontal disease is a serious process in the mouth. If inflammation of the gums continues to exist a long time, can also deeper parts of the supporting tissues of the teeth (jaw bone, root fibers) becoming involved in the inflammatory process. There occurs so-called periodontal breakdown in. You then called periodontitis.

Periodontitis: general information

Periodontal degradation is to say that there may be loss of bone and loss of connective tissue attachment (the latter as the principal). Clinically this can be perceived by recessed and inflamed pockets (space between the tooth and gums), which may bleed. The gum inflammation (gingivitis technical term) is now passed into periodontitis. With treatment, the inflammation may disappear, but recovery occurs, in principle, of the lost tissue in the mouth is not on

Bad breath and periodontitis

The degradation of the supportive tissues runs almost unnoticeable and can only be observed by carrying out periodic examination by a dentist and / or dental hygienist (e). Often a person with periodontitis suffer from bad breath.

Bad breath and periodontitis

The degradation of the supportive tissues runs almost unnoticeable and can only be observed by carrying out periodic examination by a dentist and / or dental hygienist (e). Often a person with periodontitis suffer from bad breath.

Prevent periodontitis

Good oral hygiene can – as gingivitis – also prevent periodontal disease, but not cured. However, cleaning the mouth, such as being performed at home is not able to remove dental plaque deep in the space between the gum and tooth (the so-called pocket). Plaque and tartar below the gum line (subgingival) can only be removed by the dentist and dental hygienist.

Not only dental plaque

Periodontal disease is caused not only by dental plaque. It is a multifactorial disorder. Multifactorial diseases are caused by a complex interplay of several (= Multi) factors, both genetic factors and external factors.

The treatment of periodontal disease

The treatment may consist of curetteren below the gum line (cleaning with instruments) or by means of a flap surgery. Occasionally, the immune system is supported with antibiotics (eg amoxicillin or metronidazole). If after treatment the tooth and root surfaces are clean, good oral hygiene at home can prevent new plaque quickly end up under the gums. Proper aftercare treatment (counseling and regular dental cleaning) by the dentist and / or dental hygienist (e) can prevent a risk of further periodontal decay, both now and in the future.

Smoking and periodontitis

Also important to note is that smoking has a strong effect on the teeth (periodontal). The effect on the treatment and follow-up care is generally negative. A number of substances in the smoke which ensure blood vessel constriction (vasoconstriction). As a result, the body is less able to obtain antibodies in the gums. So that the condition can get worse and even after treatment the gums or less can not be cured even.